Geological Field Trips and Maps - vol. 1.4 2023

Volume 15 (1.4)/2023

Quaternary deformations, palaeosols and strata across the Northern Apennines

PRE-17 Pre-congress Field Trip of the XXI Inqua Congress "A Mediterranean perspective on Quaternary Sciences", Rome 14th-20th July 2023

DOI: - Pages: 1-47

Anna Andreetta1, Marco Benvenuti1, Daniele Maestrelli1, Stefano Carnicelli1 & Federico Sani1

1Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra, Università di Firenze.

Corresponding author e-mail:


The Northern Apennines chain is an active orogen developed in a continental collisional setting. During the Quaternary active tectonics, climate fluctuations, and sea-level change left a clear imprint on the regional geomorphology and the surface geology. Examination of stratigraphically correlated palaeosols within alluvial and coastal clastic successions occurring on both sides of the chain, i.e., on the active front (Northern slope) and the back-arc area (Tuscany), provide fine detail to reconstructions of the orogen dynamic during the Quaternary. Examples of dated and correlated palaeosols within their morpho-structural, stratigraphic, and sedimentological context, will be presented and discussed on the Northern side of the chain (Ghiardo plateau, in the picture) and in the coastal Tuscany (Baratti gulf). In the transfer from the northern slopes to the back-arc area, selected stops in the Pleistocene fluvio-lacustrine Mugello basin will provide a sight into the morpho-stratigraphic architecture of an intermontane basin developed in the axial portion of the Northern Apennines.


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