TABLE OF CONTENTS

Geological Field Trips and Maps - vol. 2.3 2021

Volume 13 (2.3)/2021

The sedimentary response of mixed lithoclastic-bioclastic Lower- Pleistocene shallow-marine systems to tides and waves in the south Apennine foredeep (Basilicata, southern Italy)

Tidalites Field Trips Special Volume - Tidalites, Matera, Field Trip T3


DOI: https://doi.org/10.3301/GFT.2021.07 - Pages: 1-54

Sergio G. Longhitano (1), Marcello Tropeano (2), Domenico Chiarella (3), Vincenzo Festa (2), Guillem Mateu-Vicens (4), Luis Pomar (5), Luisa Sabato (2) & Luigi Spalluto (2)

(1) - Department of Sciences, University of Basilicata, Potenza, Italy.
(2) - Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e Geoambientali, Università degli Studi di Bari Aldo Moro, Italy.
(3) - Clastic Sedimentology Investigation (CSI), Department of Earth Sciences, Royal Holloway, University of London, UK.
(4) - Grup D'Ecologia Interdisciplinària, Universitat de Les Illes Balears, Spain.
(5) - Càtedra Guillem Colom, Universitat de les Illes Balears, Spain.

Abstract

This two-day-long field trip is associated with the 10th International Congress of Tidal Sedimentology (Tidalites), Matera, Italy. The "foreland-basin system" of southern Italy preserves mixed lithoclastic-bioclastic deposits mostly accumulated in shallow-marine environments, reproducing types of mixing and degrees of segregation (sensu Chiarella and Longhitano, 2012; Chiarella et al., 2017) that are thought to be indicative of a variety of geological processes, including surficial waves and tides, acting at different time scales. During the Late Pliocene and Early Pleistocene, small open piggyback basins reproduced marginal-marine settings with various hydrodynamic conditions in the wedge-top depozone. Siliciclastic-bioclastic sediments accumulated under the influence of geomorphological elements, such as coastal sheltering, promontories, presence of tectonic highs and local inlets, hosting shoreface to offshore-transition zones, whose cross-stratified facies indicate how sensitive shallow-water mixed systems are to recording surficial waves and weak tidal currents. Along the outer-foredeep depozone, carbonate-bioclastic coastal wedges back-stepped over the gently sloping rocky flanks of a structural high, leading to the retrogradational stacking of seismic-scale prograding bodies. Their size and cross-sectional outcrop views apparently resemble those typical of large tidal sand waves developed in wide tide-dominated oceans. In contrast, internal facies features reveal the dominance of surficial waves and gravity-driven avalanches along clinoform depositional slopes, and a very negligible to no tidal influence.

Keywords


open access